Algae for Biofuels
Algae are an excellent source of oil for making biodiesel, which could displace substantial volumes of petrodiesel for heating and transportation. Microalgae reproduce rapidly, and they grow on non-agricultural land, so they don’t compete with food, feed, or fiber production. Algae utilize large amounts of CO2 gas and ‘waste’ nutrients from farm or municipal sources, so it can help to address climate change and wastewater cleanup.
The keys to commercializing algae for biofuel production include identifying and cultivating native species, optimizing growing conditions in natural and artificial environments and the efficient harvest and oil extraction of algal biomass.
The profiles, publications, and links to the right and image gallery below provide more information on the work being done in Vermont and nationally to advance the commercialization of algae for biofuels and wastewater remediation.
Algae Biofuel Overview
US Department of Energy, Algal Biofuels Fact Sheet.
US Department of Energy, National Algal Biofuels Technology Roadmap. May 2010.
US Department of Energy, Algal Biofuels Factsheet. 2008.
National Renewable Energy Laboratory, A Look Back at the US Department of Energy’s Aquatic Species Program: Biodiesel from Algae. July 1998.
Algae Biofuel Technology
US Department of Energy, “Advancements in Algal Biofuels: Year in Review.“ January 2014.
Science Daily, “Researchers Design Photobioreactor to Produce Biofuel from Algae.” May 24, 2013.
Ronald Halim et al, Extraction of oil from microalgae for biodiesel production. May-June 2012.
E.M. Trentacoste et al, “Metabolic engineering of lipid catabolism increases microalgal lipid accumulation without comprimising growth.” October 29, 2013.
Vermont Biofuels Initiative, Keys to Algae Market Development.
Algae for Biofuels & Wastewater Treatment
Anju Dahiya, Cost-effective Algae Biomass Production for Oil Integrated with Wastewater Treatment and Valued By-Product, US Environmental Protection Agency. March 2011.
Anju Dahiya, Integrated Approach to Algae Production for Biofuel Utilizing Robust Algal Species, Springer. 2012.
Anju Dahiya, Wastewater Treatment Integrated with Algae Production for Biofuel, Springer. 2012.
Algae to Bio-Crude (Video)
Algae Biofuel Organizations
Resource Center (Algae Biomass Organization)
Oilgae (Algae Energy Online)
National Algae Biofuels Publications
Algae to Biofuels Pathway
Algae fuel (Wikipedia)
Converting Algae to Biofuel (How Stuff Works)
How Algae Biodiesel Works (How Stuff Works)