Canola is grown in the US to produce meal for animal feed. The oil that is extracted from the seeds is viewed as a by-product and is made into edible cooking oils or biodiesel. The keys to expanding the use of canola for biodiesel production in Vermont are identifying the right varieties, establishing best practices for growth and pest management, and developing performance specifications for pressing and refining equipment.
Small quantities of non-GMO varieties of canola are currently being grown on Vermont farms. Fall planted varieties of canola (called “winter canola”) can yield a ton or more of seed per acre in Vermont and up to 100 gallons of oil, plus the high-protein meal.
The profiles, publications, and links to the right and image gallery below provide more information on the work being done in Vermont and nationally to expand the use of canola for biodiesel production.
Heather Darby, University of Vermont Extension, Oilseed Production in the Northeast. 2013.
University of Vermont Extension,Winter Canola Planting Date Trial. 2012.
University of Vermont Extension, Winter Canola Variety Trial. 2011.
University of Maine, Spring Canola: An Oilseed Crop for Potato Growers. 2003.
Canola Council of Canada, Canola Growers Manual.
Ellsworth Christmas and Stephen Hawkins, Purdue University, Winter Canola: An Alternative Crop in Indiana.
Carol Jones, Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service, Storing Oklahoma Winter Canola.
Seed Preparation and Storage
Oilseed Factsheet: Seed Storage and Cleaning, University of Vermont Extension
A Feasibility Analysis of a Mobile Unit for Processing Oilseed Crops and Producing Biodiesel in Vermont.December 2008
Feasibility Analysis: Solar Seed Dryer and Storage Bin at State Line Farm, N. Bennington, VT. October 2008
Chris Callahan, Oilseed Cost and Profit Calculator. (A downloadable modeling tool)
Chris Callahan and Netaka White, Vermont On-Farm Oilseed Enterprises: Production Capacity and Break-even Economics. July 2013.
Emily Stebbins, The Market Potential of Farm-Scale Oilseed Crop Products in Vermont. February 2008. (See also the Executive Summary)
Canola Seed & Meal Analysis
Canola Seed Analysis, Prior To Milling In Kern Kraft Oil Press
Canola Meal Analysis, Using Kern Kraft Oil Press
Canola Grower’s Manual, Canola Council of Canada
Winter Canola Grower’s Guide, Purdue University
Canola Research & Technical Assistance
University of Vermont Extension, Oilseeds Program
North Dakota State University, Canola Production Management
Conferences and Events
Oilseed Producers Workshop Proceedings, University of Vermont